UPSC – An overview - www.upsc.gov.in
The erstwhile British Government established the Public Service Commission in the year 1926 in order to enroll Indians into the services for its territories. The Government of India Act 1935 was enacted to form the Federal Public Service Commission to serve the larger interests of the masses and after pressure from prominent Indian leaders. The proclamation of the Indian Constitution in the year 1950 set up the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) in the same year.
UPSC has been formed in accordance with article 315 of the Indian Constitution to give sufficient autonomy to the Commission to ensure nonpartisan and fair recruitment at www.upsconline.nic.in for the various posts of the Indian Government. A council of a chairman and ten members govern UPSC. They are in turn regulated under the Union Public Service Commission (Members) Regulations, 1969. A Secretary with two Additional Secretaries and Joint Secretaries, below-rung officers and support staff form the secretariat which functions for the UPSC.
UPSC – www.upsconline.nic.in is the pivotal agency for the selection of various departmental heads of the Civil and State Secretariats. The charters of duties for the UPSC online as decided by the Government are as under:-
- Conducting competitive examinations on behalf of the Government for recruitment to various posts and services.
- Conducting interviews on behalf of the Government for recruitment into the civil services other posts.
- Advising the Government on the attributes of officers for appointment, promotion and transfer-on-deputation.
- Advising the Government on all matters pertaining to the methodology of recruitment to the various services and posts of the Union.
- Conducting disciplinary cases on the various cadres and services.
- Attending to matters such as extraordinary pension grants, disbursement of legal expenditure and so on.
UPSC is synonymous with the recruitment for the Indian Administrative Services (IAS), the Indian Police Service (IPS) and the Indian Foreign Services (IFS) along with the several other allied services such as the Indian Revenue Services, the Indian Postal Services etc. which in total constitute 24 services.
UPSC Notification for Examination
UPSC Notification for the preliminary exams are released well in time and those seeking to apply should look for the same in the employment news or the Rozgar Samachar. Applications for the UPSC exams can be purchased from some designated Post Offices, which are also mentioned in the notification by making a payment of Rs. 30/-. The detailed notification is available on the UPSC online web site www.upsconline.nic.in and candidates could also download the application from the site. Candidates aspiring to qualify in the UPSC 2012 civil services need to check their eligibility before applying.
Eligibility for UPSC Exams
Candidates applying for IAS, IPS services must be Indian citizens and those applying for other services could be citizens of India, Bhutan or Nepal.
Candidates must be older than 21 years and less than 30 years at the time of submitting of the application. Candidates belong to SC/ST, Domicile citizens of J & K, Ex-Servicemen, persons with different ability, handicapped persons are all eligible for age relaxation as decided by the Commission.
All the relevant details regarding the UPSC exams can also be found on the UPSC online web site – www.upsc.gov.in to check for details and fees. Candidates whose application are selected are provided with UPSC admit cards. Candidates are required to carry the admit cards while appearing for the exams.
Candidates for IAS recruitment should appear for the UPSC exam for civil services, which consists of two parts – preliminary and mains. A candidate has to clear the preliminary exams to be allowed to write the mains. Candidates applying online for the preliminary exam need to remit a fee of Rs.50/- . The fees are exempt for Female/SC/ST/Physically Handicapped persons. Candidates remitting the fees through other means have to pay through a Central Recruitment Fee of Rs.100/- from a Post office. Candidates clearing the preliminary exam will have to remit a fee of Rs.200/ – for the mains.
UPSC Syllabus for Civil Services Examination 2012
The preliminary test primarily serves as a screening to filter out candidates for the mains exam. The preliminary exam consists of two papers each carrying 200 marks each, which is mainly of objective type. Candidates are given the option of writing in English or Hindi. The preliminary examination only serves as a qualifying exam for the mains and does not have a bearing on the merit list.
- Paper I covers topics such as current national and international events, Indian history, National and World Geography, Indian constitution, political system etc., Economics, Environment, and science.
- Paper II consists of topics such as comprehension, communication skills, logical reasoning, decision-making, mental ability, data analysis and English Language.
The time limit for each paper is two hours each.
UPSC has the final Say in the selection of candidates for the mains. In practice, candidates around twelve to thirteen times the number of vacancies are called for the UPSC 2012 mains. The mains exam comprises of a written test and an interview. The written exam consists of papers each carrying 300 marks as per the list. The Essay paper carries 200 marks.
- Paper I Language paper as decided by the candidate. The candidate can choose the language as per the Eighth schedule to the Indian Constitution.
- Paper II English.
- Paper III Essay
- Paper IV & V General studies
- Paper VI to IX Two optional subjects of two papers each carrying 150 marks.
Candidates may check the detailed UPSC syllabus on the dedicated website or the employment news for the list of languages and the optional subjects. Candidates may also check for the combination of optional subjects that are not permitted in the mains examination. The papers are of conventional type and will have a time limit of three hours each.
Candidates are further subject to an interview, which is conducted by the Board. The interview is held by a few neutral members who try to establish the attributes of the candidate for the civil services. The members will pose questions on general issues to check the mannerism, awareness on current issues, ability to imbibe, clear expression of thoughts and leadership qualities among others. Members will pose the questions to the candidate in a casual manner and try to extract the true mental nature of the candidate. The interview carries 300 marks.
After the conclusion of the Main exam, results are announced. A list is then prepared combining the scores of the written test and the interview and the UPSC results are announced and the top rank holders are given the choice to enter the UPSC IAS service along with the other premier services such as IPS, IFS etc.
We wish you all the best in your endeavor towards the UPSC IAS 2012 selection.