UPSC stands for Union Public Service Commission, India. This is the body which holds exams for various government services. The list of exams which it conducts to recruit people are as below –
- Combined Defence Services Exam (CDS)
- National Defence Academy Exam (NDA)
- Civil Services Preliminary Exam
- Civil Services Main Exam
- Combined Medical Services Exam
- Engineering Services Exam
- Central Police Force
- Indian Forest Service Exam
- Geologists Exam
- Departmental Exam for Clerical grade in Government
UPSC Syllabus Civil Services
UPSC has prescribed syllabus set for each of the exam. In this article, the main focus is on the Civil Services Preliminary Exam and Civil Services Main Exam. In each there are various subjects and in Mains one has to take a combination of the subjects for the Prelims. The examination for Prelims is held during the month of May-June every year and Mains is held during the month of October-November every year. One who qualifies in the Prelims can take up the Mains.
Civil Services comprises of Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Revenue Service (IRS) and Indian Foreign Service (IFS). The whole process of Preliminary examination and Main examination, declaration of results takes around one to one and half years. For successful candidates who pass the prelims and mains, have to attend a personal interview. One who passes the personal interview will be recruited into the services. So, each of those is explained in the sections below. One can take up Civil Services Exam after passing graduation level. One can be a graduate in any discipline that is, commerce, arts or science.
UPSC syllabus for prelims 2012
Prelims comprises of two papers – General Studies, Aptitude Test. The UPSC syllabus for general studies is as below –
- 1. Current ongoing events at National and International Level
- 2. Indian Politics and Governance Rules
- 3. Panchayat Raj System
- 4. Information on Rights
- 5. Public Issues
- 6. Constitution of India
- 7. Indian History
- 8. Indian Freedom Movement
- 9. Indian Geography
- 10. World Geography
- 11. Economy
- 12. Social Progress
- 13. Poverty
- 14. Demography
- 15. Environmental Issues such as Bio diversity, Changes in climate etc
- 16. Basics on Science
UPSC Syllabus for Aptitude Test is –
- 17. Ability for comprehension
- 18. Mental Ability
- 19. Problem Solving
- 20. Logical Reasoning
- 21. Analytical Skills
- 22. Interpreting Data via graphs, charts, tables etc
- 23. English Comprehension
- 24. Communication Skills
- 25. Interpersonal Skills
- 26. Numerical Skills
The Numerical Skills, Interpretation of Data and English Comprehension will be at the level of Class Ten (10). All the questions in both the papers will be objective type that is objective choice questions. Now, Prelims is called as the Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT), thereby filtering out the candidates for mains with only right aptitude.
UPSC mains syllabus 2012
This examination comprises of descriptive type of papers. There are totally nine papers to be written over a period of around 20 days. The exam intends to test the ability of the candidate in the subject, concept presentation, and overall intellectual capability. The optional subject papers are at the graduation level of honours degree. UPSC Mains can be answered in any of the languages recognized in the Constitution. One can chose English or Hindi or any other language. The UPSC Syllabus for IAS and UPSC Syllabus for IFS is the same. UPSC syllabus mains consists of totally 9 papers as below –
- 1. Indian Languages – To be chosen from the 22 languages recognized in the Constitution of India
- 2. English
- 3. Essay – Can be written in the language in which the candidate has chosen to appear.
- 4. General Studies Paper I
- 5. General Studies Paper II
- 6. Optional Subject 1 – Paper I
- 7. Optional Subject 1 – Paper II
- 8. Optional Subject 2 – Paper I
- 9. Optional Subject 2 – Paper II
Each of the nine papers is described in the section below. Of the above nine papers, English Papers and languages are only for qualifying. That is the marks secured in the above papers are not counted for ranking purpose, but the minimum passing marks in both of them is 35%.
Indian Languages can be any of the following (list is in alphabetical order)–
The Indian Languages Paper will have an Essay, Precise Writing, Translation, Proverbs, and Meanings etc.
English paper consists of Comprehension, Precise Writing, Short Essay and Vocabulary etc.
Essay has to be written on a given topic. The topic can be chosen from the candidate on any subject or area. The subject of essay can be chosen well before the exam and the domain in the question paper will be based on that particular subject.
General Studies Paper I consists of questions from the following areas –
- History and Culture of India
- Constitution of India
- Current Affairs
- Social Issues
- Geography of India
General Studies Paper II consists of questions from topics mentioned below-
- World Affairs
- Developments in the field of Technology, Scientific Area, Information Technology and Astronomy
- Economical Status of India on the World Map and also interrelations with other countries
- Statistical Representations, Analysis, Graphical interpretations
Optional Subjects in the UPSC syllabus civil services are as below –
- Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry
- Civil Engineering
- Commerce and Accountancy
- Electrical Engineering
- Literature (Can be in any of the Languages recognized by the Indian Constitution
- Mechanical Engineering
- Medical Science
- Political Science and International Relations
- Public Administration
Any two subjects from this list should be chosen as optional subjects. There will be two papers to be answered in each of the optional subject. So, one has to be very well prepared for the examination of UPSC Syllabus subjects. Since the question sheets will be in both Hindi and English, UPSC syllabus in Hindi medium is also available. There is also likelihood that there might be changes in the UPSC syllabus 2013. The Mains paper from 2013 might be changed to objective type, with the current one being subjective.
After one successfully passes the Prelims, the candidate can answer the UPSC Mains. Clearing Mains will take the candidate one step further to getting recruited that is Personal Interview. Personal Interview is an overall assessment of the candidate, with regard to language, handling crisis, awareness on social and economic conditions of the country and technical abilities. Further to the Personal Interview, results are announced with the rankings. Rankings decide the cadre for IAS, IFS and IPS, usually IAS being the first followed by IFS and IPS.